Hand Pumps in Tharparkar, Pakistan

15 December, 2015 Pakistan, Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
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Tharparkar is one of the most water insecure regions of Pakistan, experiencing frequent droughts during 2012-2015.As a result, this climate has led to disastrous results for Tharparkar residents, whose main source of income is derived from farming and agriculture.

Groundwater is the only major water source for 1.67 million people, mostly residing in (2800) rural villages. The rainfall pattern is not uniform. The area has also long drought history. There are no surface water or pipe water facilities in rural villages. Hence, in the absence of rainfall, groundwater becomes only feasible water source in Tharparkar. Dug wells are the only means to extract groundwater in most of the villages. These wells, both shallow and deep, usually draw water from natural aquifers ranging from 50 – 150 feet. These wells fall at a distance of 2-5 kilometers from the villages, thus, people have to travel daily for hours to collect water needed for drinking and other household consumption. Usually, girls and women are responsible for fetching water from these wells. Poverty, coupled with water scarcity, has exacerbated the poor sanitation and hygiene conditions in rural villages of Tharparkar. The absence of toilets compels people to defecate in the open. An integrated WASH response is also required to mitigate the vulnerabilities of marginalized communities. The project will ensure improved access to WASH services through the provision of water and sanitation facilities (hand pump, toilets, etc) and hygiene education.







How IDRF is helping

By looking at the current scenario of WASH in Tharparkar, IDRF is installing 15 Deep Hand Pumps in schools and 17 Deep hand pumps at the community level. This project will also result in the construction of 15 sanitation facilities at schools, 125 Demo Latrines (25 in the village). We will also distribute 270 Hygiene kits to the beneficiaries of demo latrines, 500 school kits, and 820 dignity kits to help raise awareness on menstrual hygiene. WASH information sessions will also occur in the form of 130 health and hygiene promotion sessions in selected villages of Taluka Diplo, Islamkot & Mithi.

Our Impact

IDRF is working with 2,000 households in 25 villages of Taluka Diplo, Islamkot, Mithi. The estimated number of 13,000 beneficiaries is 2,000 HHs with an average household size of 6.5 and 500 students of the selected school. This means we will reach at least 13,000 beneficiaries through this project.

The overall goal of the project is to provide selected communities of Tharparkar with access to clean drinking water, improved sanitation facilities, and better hygiene conditions. This project will accomplish the successful provision of potable water to the communities along with better health and hygiene conditions, awareness about H&H. Moreover, this project will provide water points in a school located in a targeted area. The project will also provide school bags, uniforms to the students in these selected schools along with H&H awareness. Through the provision of the above-mentioned facilities; the purpose of this project is to enhance communities’ livelihood through saving time for fetching water, queuing time on a water point, and sparing human labor from fetching water to other economic activities. Moreover, the project will induce communities to adopt the practice of kitchen gardening as water will be easily available and this will meet their notational needs.

How You Can Help

$800 supports approximately 50 people and provides them with clean water through a well

Note: At IDRF we are committed to managing your funds and being accountable to you as our donors with full transparency. To do this, we are committed to ensuring that the funds you have selected are designated to the appropriate country. In the event IDRF receives funds that cannot be designated to the country selected, then please know that the funds will be redirected to support other vulnerable communities that are in urgent need.

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